Limit Cycles of Planar Quadratic Differential Equations

Since Hilbert posed the problem of systematically counting and locating lhe limit cycle of polynomial systems on the plane in 1900, much efTort has been expended in its investigation. A large body of literature – chiefly by Chinese and Soviet authors – has addressed this question in the context of differential equations whose field is specified by quadratic polynomials, In this paper we consider the class of quadratic differential equations which admit a unique equilibrium state, and establish sufficient conditions, algebraic in system coefficients, for the existence and uniqueness of a limit cycles. The work is based upon insights and techniques developed in an earlier analysis of such systems [1] motivated by questions from mathematical control theory.