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Exact Robot Navigation Using Power Diagrams

2016 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2016

OmurArslan and D. E. Koditschek
Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania
Full PDF | IEEE |Penn ScholarlyCommons

Exact Robot Navigation Using Power Diagrams
       We reconsider the problem of reactive navigation in sphere worlds, i.e., the construction of a vector field over a compact, convex Euclidean subset punctured by Euclidean disks, whose flow brings a Euclidean disk robot from all but a zero measure set of initial conditions to a designated point destination, with the guarantee of no collisions along the way. We use power diagrams, generalized Voronoi diagrams with additive weights, to identify the robotís collision free convex neighborhood, and to generate the value of our proposed candidate solution vector field at any free configuration via evaluation of an associated convex optimization problem. We prove that this scheme generates a continuous flow with the specified properties. We also propose its practical extension to the nonholonomically constrained kinematics of the standard differential drive vehicle.
This work was supported in part by AFOSR under the CHASE MURI FA9550–10–1−0567.
BibTeX entry
  Title                    = {Exact Robot Navigation Using Power Diagrams},
  Author                   = {Omur Arslan and Daniel E. Koditschek},
  Booktitle                = {Robotics and Automation, 2016 IEEE International Conference on},
  Year                     = {2016},
  Pages                    = {1-8},
  DOI                      = {10.1109/ICRA.2016.7487090}

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