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Exploiting passive stability for hierarchical control

Fifth International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots, 2002

R. Altendorfer*, R. M. Ghigliazza†,P. Holmes†, D. E. Koditschek*
*:Artificial Intelligence Lab, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, US
†: Dept. of Mech. and Aerospace Eng., Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, US

Full PDF | Penn Scholarly Commons

Abstract

The dynamics of a Spring Loaded Inverted Pendulum (SLIP) \template” [1] approximate well the center of mass (COM) of running animals, humans, and of the robot RHex [2]. Running control can therefore be ierarchically structured as a high level SLIP control and the anchoring of SLIP in the complex morphology of the physical system. Analysis of the sagittal plane lossless SLIP model has shown that it includes parameter regions where its gait is passively stabilized, i.e. with the discrete control input | the leg touchdown angle | held constant. We present numerical evidence to suggest that an open loop \clock” excitation of a high degree of freedom hexapedal robot model can lead to asymptotically stable limit cycles that \anchor” [1] the SLIP model in its self stabilizing regime. This motivates the search for completely feedforward SLIP locomotion control strategies, which we now speculate may be successfully used to elicit a self-stabilizing running robot such as RHex.

BibTeX entry
@inproceedings{altendorfer-CLAWAR-2002,
  author       = {R. Altendorfer and R. M. Ghigliazza and P. Holmes and D. E. Koditschek},
  title        = {Exploiting passive stability for hierarchical control},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots, Paris, France},
  year         = {2002}
}

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